the life cycle assessment is a method of comparing the environmental impact of products.
Originated in the late 1960’s, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a method of comparing environmental impact for products, technologies or services with an overview of their whole life cycle from cradle to grave. It serves to track the emissions of all components which may impact the environment during product production, and considers their use and disposal. This includes the processing of the raw materials, energy production and much more. LCAs work to an ISO standard 14040 and are completed in four stages:
1. Goal and scope definition
2. Life cycle inventory analysis (LCIA)
3. Life cycle impact assessment (LCI)
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